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c:Polyspace Bug Finder_Vc:
Polyspace Bug Finder_V

Checker

Guideline

CERT C: Rec. ARR01-C ARR01-C. Do not apply the sizeof operator to a pointer when taking the size of an array
CERT C: Rec. ARR02-C ARR02-C. Explicitly specify array bounds, even if implicitly defined by an initializer
CERT C: Rec. CON01-C CON01-C. Acquire and release synchronization primitives in the same module, at the same level of abstraction
CERT C: Rec. CON05-C CON05-C. Do not perform operations that can block while holding a lock
CERT C: Rec. DCL01-C DCL01-C. Do not reuse variable names in subscopes
CERT C: Rec. DCL02-C DCL02-C. Use visually distinct identifiers
CERT C: Rec. DCL06-C DCL06-C. Use meaningful symbolic constants to represent literal values
CERT C: Rec. DCL07-C DCL07-C. Include the appropriate type information in function declarators
CERT C: Rec. DCL10-C DCL10-C. Maintain the contract between the writer and caller of variadic functions
CERT C: Rec. DCL11-C DCL11-C. Understand the type issues associated with variadic functions
CERT C: Rec. DCL12-C DCL12-C. Implement abstract data types using opaque types
CERT C: Rec. DCL13-C DCL13-C. Declare function parameters that are pointers to values not changed by the function as const
CERT C: Rec. DCL15-C DCL15-C. Declare file-scope objects or functions that do not need external linkage as static
CERT C: Rec. DCL16-C DCL16-C. Use "L," not "l," to indicate a long value
CERT C: Rec. DCL18-C DCL18-C. Do not begin integer constants with 0 when specifying a decimal value
CERT C: Rec. DCL19-C DCL19-C. Minimize the scope of variables and functions
CERT C: Rec. DCL22-C DCL22-C. Use volatile for data that cannot be cached
CERT C: Rec. DCL23-C DCL23-C. Guarantee that mutually visible identifiers are unique
CERT C: Rec. ENV01-C ENV01-C. Do not make assumptions about the size of an environment variable
CERT C: Rec. ERR00-C ERR00-C. Adopt and implement a consistent and comprehensive error-handling policy
CERT C: Rec. EXP00-C EXP00-C. Use parentheses for precedence of operation
CERT C: Rec. EXP05-C EXP05-C. Do not cast away a const qualification
CERT C: Rec. EXP08-C EXP08-C. Ensure pointer arithmetic is used correctly
CERT C: Rec. EXP09-C EXP09-C. Use sizeof to determine the size of a type or variable
CERT C: Rec. EXP10-C EXP10-C. Do not depend on the order of evaluation of subexpressions or the order in which side effects take place
CERT C: Rec. EXP11-C EXP11-C. Do not make assumptions regarding the layout of structures with bit-fields
CERT C: Rec. EXP12-C EXP12-C. Do not ignore values returned by functions
CERT C: Rec. EXP13-C EXP13-C. Treat relational and equality operators as if they were nonassociative
CERT C: Rec. EXP19-C EXP19-C. Use braces for the body of an if, for, or while statement
CERT C: Rec. FIO02-C FIO02-C. Canonicalize path names originating from tainted sources
CERT C: Rec. FIO11-C FIO11-C. Take care when specifying the mode parameter of fopen()
CERT C: Rec. FIO21-C FIO21-C. Do not create temporary files in shared directories
CERT C: Rec. FIO24-C FIO24-C. Do not open a file that is already open
CERT C: Rec. FLP00-C FLP00-C. Understand the limitations of floating-point numbers
CERT C: Rec. FLP02-C FLP02-C. Avoid using floating-point numbers when precise computation is needed
CERT C: Rec. FLP03-C FLP03-C. Detect and handle floating-point errors
CERT C: Rec. FLP06-C FLP06-C. Convert integers to floating point for floating-point operations
CERT C: Rec. INT00-C INT00-C. Understand the data model used by your implementation(s)
CERT C: Rec. INT02-C INT02-C. Understand integer conversion rules
CERT C: Rec. INT04-C INT04-C. Enforce limits on integer values originating from tainted sources
CERT C: Rec. INT07-C INT07-C. Use only explicitly signed or unsigned char type for numeric values
CERT C: Rec. INT08-C INT08-C. Verify that all integer values are in range
CERT C: Rec. INT09-C INT09-C. Ensure enumeration constants map to unique values
CERT C: Rec. INT10-C INT10-C. Do not assume a positive remainder when using the % operator
CERT C: Rec. INT12-C INT12-C. Do not make assumptions about the type of a plain int bit-field when used in an expression
CERT C: Rec. INT13-C INT13-C. Use bitwise operators only on unsigned operands
CERT C: Rec. INT14-C INT14-C. Avoid performing bitwise and arithmetic operations on the same data
CERT C: Rec. INT18-C INT18-C. Evaluate integer expressions in a larger size before comparing or assigning to that size
CERT C: Rec. MEM00-C MEM00-C. Allocate and free memory in the same module, at the same level of abstraction
CERT C: Rec. MEM01-C MEM01-C. Store a new value in pointers immediately after free()
CERT C: Rec. MEM02-C MEM02-C. Immediately cast the result of a memory allocation function call into a pointer to the allocated type
CERT C: Rec. MEM03-C MEM03-C. Clear sensitive information stored in reusable resources
CERT C: Rec. MEM04-C MEM04-C. Beware of zero-length allocations
CERT C: Rec. MEM05-C MEM05-C. Avoid large stack allocations
CERT C: Rec. MEM06-C MEM06-C. Ensure that sensitive data is not written out to disk
CERT C: Rec. MEM11-C MEM11-C. Do not assume infinite heap space
CERT C: Rec. MEM12-C MEM12-C. Consider using a goto chain when leaving a function on error when using and releasing resources
CERT C: Rec. MSC01-C MSC01-C. Strive for logical completeness
CERT C: Rec. MSC04-C MSC04-C. Use comments consistently and in a readable fashion
CERT C: Rec. MSC12-C MSC12-C. Detect and remove code that has no effect or is never executed
CERT C: Rec. MSC13-C MSC13-C. Detect and remove unused values
CERT C: Rec. MSC15-C MSC15-C. Do not depend on undefined behavior
CERT C: Rec. MSC17-C MSC17-C. Finish every set of statements associated with a case label with a break statement
CERT C: Rec. MSC18-C MSC18-C. Be careful while handling sensitive data, such as passwords, in program code
CERT C: Rec. MSC20-C MSC20-C. Do not use a switch statement to transfer control into a complex block
CERT C: Rec. MSC21-C MSC21-C. Use robust loop termination conditions
CERT C: Rec. MSC22-C MSC22-C. Use the setjmp(), longjmp() facility securely
CERT C: Rec. MSC24-C MSC24-C. Do not use deprecated or obsolescent functions
CERT C: Rec. POS05-C POS05-C. Limit access to files by creating a jail
CERT C: Rec. PRE00-C PRE00-C. Prefer inline or static functions to function-like macros
CERT C: Rec. PRE01-C PRE01-C. Use parentheses within macros around parameter names
CERT C: Rec. PRE06-C PRE06-C. Enclose header files in an include guard
CERT C: Rec. PRE07-C PRE07-C. Avoid using repeated question marks
CERT C: Rec. PRE09-C PRE09-C. Do not replace secure functions with deprecated or obsolescent functions
CERT C: Rec. STR02-C STR02-C. Sanitize data passed to complex subsystems
CERT C: Rec. STR03-C STR03-C. Do not inadvertently truncate a string
CERT C: Rec. STR07-C STR07-C. Use the bounds-checking interfaces for string manipulation
CERT C: Rec. STR11-C STR11-C. Do not specify the bound of a character array initialized with a string literal
CERT C: Rec. WIN00-C WIN00-C. Be specific when dynamically loading libraries
CERT C: Rule ARR30-C ARR30-C. Do not form or use out-of-bounds pointers or array subscripts
CERT C: Rule ARR32-C ARR32-C. Ensure size arguments for variable length arrays are in a valid range
CERT C: Rule ARR36-C ARR36-C. Do not subtract or compare two pointers that do not refer to the same array
CERT C: Rule ARR37-C ARR37-C. Do not add or subtract an integer to a pointer to a non-array object
CERT C: Rule ARR38-C ARR38-C. Guarantee that library functions do not form invalid pointers
CERT C: Rule ARR39-C ARR39-C. Do not add or subtract a scaled integer to a pointer
CERT C: Rule CON30-C CON30-C. Clean up thread-specific storage
CERT C: Rule CON31-C CON31-C. Do not destroy a mutex while it is locked
CERT C: Rule CON32-C CON32-C. Prevent data races when accessing bit-fields from multiple threads
CERT C: Rule CON33-C CON33-C. Avoid race conditions when using library functions
CERT C: Rule CON35-C CON35-C. Avoid deadlock by locking in a predefined order
CERT C: Rule CON36-C CON36-C. Wrap functions that can spuriously wake up in a loop
CERT C: Rule CON37-C CON37-C. Do not call signal() in a multithreaded program
CERT C: Rule CON39-C CON39-C. Do not join or detach a thread that was previously joined or detached
CERT C: Rule CON40-C CON40-C. Do not refer to an atomic variable twice in an expression
CERT C: Rule CON41-C CON41-C. Wrap functions that can fail spuriously in a loop
CERT C: Rule CON43-C CON43-C. Do not allow data races in multithreaded code
CERT C: Rule DCL30-C DCL30-C. Declare objects with appropriate storage durations
CERT C: Rule DCL31-C DCL31-C. Declare identifiers before using them
CERT C: Rule DCL36-C DCL36-C. Do not declare an identifier with conflicting linkage classifications
CERT C: Rule DCL37-C DCL37-C. Do not declare or define a reserved identifier
CERT C: Rule DCL38-C DCL38-C. Use the correct syntax when declaring a flexible array member
CERT C: Rule DCL39-C DCL39-C. Avoid information leakage when passing a structure across a trust boundary
CERT C: Rule DCL40-C DCL40-C. Do not create incompatible declarations of the same function or object
CERT C: Rule DCL41-C DCL41-C. Do not declare variables inside a switch statement before the first case label
CERT C: Rule ENV30-C ENV30-C. Do not modify the object referenced by the return value of certain functions
CERT C: Rule ENV31-C ENV31-C. Do not rely on an environment pointer following an operation that may invalidate it
CERT C: Rule ENV32-C ENV32-C. All exit handlers must return normally
CERT C: Rule ENV33-C ENV33-C. Do not call system()
CERT C: Rule ENV34-C ENV34-C. Do not store pointers returned by certain functions
CERT C: Rule ERR30-C ERR30-C. Set errno to zero before calling a library function known to set errno, and check errno only after the function returns a value indicating failure
CERT C: Rule ERR32-C ERR32-C. Do not rely on indeterminate values of errno
CERT C: Rule ERR33-C ERR33-C. Detect and handle standard library errors
CERT C: Rule ERR34-C ERR34-C. Detect errors when converting a string to a number
CERT C: Rule EXP30-C EXP30-C. Do not depend on the order of evaluation for side effects
CERT C: Rule EXP32-C EXP32-C. Do not access a volatile object through a nonvolatile reference
CERT C: Rule EXP33-C EXP33-C. Do not read uninitialized memory
CERT C: Rule EXP34-C EXP34-C. Do not dereference null pointers
CERT C: Rule EXP36-C EXP36-C. Do not cast pointers into more strictly aligned pointer types
CERT C: Rule EXP37-C EXP37-C. Call functions with the correct number and type of arguments
CERT C: Rule EXP39-C EXP39-C. Do not access a variable through a pointer of an incompatible type
CERT C: Rule EXP40-C EXP40-C. Do not modify constant objects
CERT C: Rule EXP42-C EXP42-C. Do not compare padding data
CERT C: Rule EXP43-C EXP43-C. Avoid undefined behavior when using restrict-qualified pointers
CERT C: Rule EXP44-C EXP44-C. Do not rely on side effects in operands to sizeof, _Alignof, or _Generic
CERT C: Rule EXP45-C EXP45-C. Do not perform assignments in selection statements
CERT C: Rule EXP46-C EXP46-C. Do not use a bitwise operator with a Boolean-like operand
CERT C: Rule EXP47-C EXP47-C. Do not call va_arg with an argument of the incorrect type
CERT C: Rule FIO30-C FIO30-C. Exclude user input from format strings
CERT C: Rule FIO32-C FIO32-C. Do not perform operations on devices that are only appropriate for files
CERT C: Rule FIO34-C FIO34-C. Distinguish between characters read from a file and EOF or WEOF
CERT C: Rule FIO37-C FIO37-C. Do not assume that fgets() or fgetws() returns a nonempty string when successful
CERT C: Rule FIO38-C FIO38-C. Do not copy a FILE object
CERT C: Rule FIO39-C FIO39-C. Do not alternately input and output from a stream without an intervening flush or positioning call
CERT C: Rule FIO40-C FIO40-C. Reset strings on fgets() or fgetws() failure
CERT C: Rule FIO41-C FIO41-C. Do not call getc(), putc(), getwc(), or putwc() with a stream argument that has side effects
CERT C: Rule FIO42-C FIO42-C. Close files when they are no longer needed
CERT C: Rule FIO44-C FIO44-C. Only use values for fsetpos() that are returned from fgetpos()
CERT C: Rule FIO45-C FIO45-C. Avoid TOCTOU race conditions while accessing files
CERT C: Rule FIO46-C FIO46-C. Do not access a closed file
CERT C: Rule FIO47-C FIO47-C. Use valid format strings
CERT C: Rule FLP30-C FLP30-C. Do not use floating-point variables as loop counters
CERT C: Rule FLP34-C FLP34-C. Ensure that floating-point conversions are within range of the new type
CERT C: Rule FLP37-C FLP37-C. Do not use object representations to compare floating-point values
CERT C: Rule INT30-C INT30-C. Ensure that unsigned integer operations do not wrap
CERT C: Rule INT31-C INT31-C. Ensure that integer conversions do not result in lost or misinterpreted data
CERT C: Rule INT32-C INT32-C. Ensure that operations on signed integers do not result in overflow
CERT C: Rule INT33-C INT33-C. Ensure that division and remainder operations do not result in divide-by-zero errors
CERT C: Rule INT34-C INT34-C. Do not shift an expression by a negative number of bits or by greater than or equal to the number of bits that exist in the operand
CERT C: Rule INT35-C INT35-C. Use correct integer precisions
CERT C: Rule INT36-C INT36-C. Converting a pointer to integer or integer to pointer
CERT C: Rule MEM30-C MEM30-C. Do not access freed memory
CERT C: Rule MEM31-C MEM31-C. Free dynamically allocated memory when no longer needed
CERT C: Rule MEM33-C MEM33-C. Allocate and copy structures containing a flexible array member dynamically
CERT C: Rule MEM34-C MEM34-C. Only free memory allocated dynamically
CERT C: Rule MEM35-C MEM35-C. Allocate sufficient memory for an object
CERT C: Rule MEM36-C MEM36-C. Do not modify the alignment of objects by calling realloc()
CERT C: Rule MSC07-C MSC07-C. Detect and remove dead code
CERT C: Rule MSC30-C MSC30-C. Do not use the rand() function for generating pseudorandom numbers
CERT C: Rule MSC32-C MSC32-C. Properly seed pseudorandom number generators
CERT C: Rule MSC33-C MSC33-C. Do not pass invalid data to the asctime() function
CERT C: Rule MSC37-C MSC37-C. Ensure that control never reaches the end of a non-void function
CERT C: Rule MSC38-C MSC38-C. Do not treat a predefined identifier as an object if it might only be implemented as a macro
CERT C: Rule MSC39-C MSC39-C. Do not call va_arg() on a va_list that has an indeterminate value
CERT C: Rule MSC40-C MSC40-C. Do not violate constraints
CERT C: Rule POS30-C POS30-C. Use the readlink() function properly
CERT C: Rule POS33-C POS33-C. Do not use vfork()
CERT C: Rule POS34-C POS34-C. Do not call putenv() with a pointer to an automatic variable as the argument
CERT C: Rule POS35-C POS35-C. Avoid race conditions while checking for the existence of a symbolic link
CERT C: Rule POS36-C POS36-C. Observe correct revocation order while relinquishing privileges
CERT C: Rule POS37-C POS37-C. Ensure that privilege relinquishment is successful
CERT C: Rule POS38-C POS38-C. Beware of race conditions when using fork and file descriptors
CERT C: Rule POS39-C POS39-C. Use the correct byte ordering when transferring data between systems
CERT C: Rule POS44-C POS44-C. Do not use signals to terminate threads
CERT C: Rule POS48-C POS48-C. Do not unlock or destroy another POSIX thread's mutex
CERT C: Rule POS49-C POS49-C. When data must be accessed by multiple threads, provide a mutex and guarantee no adjacent data is also accessed
CERT C: Rule POS51-C POS51-C. Avoid deadlock with POSIX threads by locking in predefined order
CERT C: Rule POS52-C POS52-C. Do not perform operations that can block while holding a POSIX lock
CERT C: Rule POS54-C POS54-C. Detect and handle POSIX library errors
CERT C: Rule PRE30-C PRE30-C. Do not create a universal character name through concatenation
CERT C: Rule PRE31-C PRE31-C. Avoid side effects in arguments to unsafe macros
CERT C: Rule PRE32-C PRE32-C. Do not use preprocessor directives in invocations of function-like macros
CERT C: Rule SIG30-C SIG30-C. Call only asynchronous-safe functions within signal handlers
CERT C: Rule SIG31-C SIG31-C. Do not access shared objects in signal handlers
CERT C: Rule SIG34-C SIG34-C. Do not call signal() from within interruptible signal handlers
CERT C: Rule SIG35-C SIG35-C. Do not return from a computational exception signal handler
CERT C: Rule STR30-C STR30-C. Do not attempt to modify string literals
CERT C: Rule STR31-C STR31-C. Guarantee that storage for strings has sufficient space for character data and the null terminator
CERT C: Rule STR32-C STR32-C. Do not pass a non-null-terminated character sequence to a library function that expects a string
CERT C: Rule STR34-C STR34-C. Cast characters to unsigned char before converting to larger integer sizes
CERT C: Rule STR37-C STR37-C. Arguments to character-handling functions must be representable as an unsigned char
CERT C: Rule STR38-C STR38-C. Do not confuse narrow and wide character strings and functions
CERT C: Rule WIN30-C WIN30-C. Properly pair allocation and deallocation functions
CERT-C: Rule EXP35-C EXP35-C. Do not modify objects with temporary lifetime
CERT-C: Rule FLP32-C FLP32-C. Prevent or detect domain and range errors in math functions
CERT-C: Rule FLP36-C FLP36-C. Preserve precision when converting integral values to floating-point type